Government and Legislature – 2003 to Date

Government and Legislature of Iraq as at February 2009 with IGC, Interim and Transitional Government personalities as appendices.

Presidency Council (elected by the CoR)
President: Jalal Talabani
Vice Presidents: Adel Abdul Mahdi and Tariq Al-Hashimi.

Council of Ministers (cannot also be members of the CoR)
Prime Minister, Nouri al-Maliki, United Iraqi Alliance, Islamic Dawa Party, 2006-05-20 –
Deputy Prime Minister, Barham Salih, Kurdistani Alliance, Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, 2006-05-20 –
Deputy Prime Minister, Salam al-Zobaie, Iraqi Accord Front, Iraqi People’s Conference, 2006-05-20 – 2007-08-01
Raffie al-Issawi, Iraqi Accord Front, Iraqi Islamic Party, 2008-07-19 –
Interior Minister, Nouri al-Maliki (acting), United Iraqi Alliance, Islamic Dawa Party, 2006-05-20 – 2006-06-08; Jawad Bulani, United Iraqi Alliance, Independent, 2006-06-08 –
Foreign Minister, Hoshyar Zebari, Kurdistani Alliance, Kurdistan Democratic Party, 2006-05-20 –
Defence Minister, Salam al-Zaubai (acting), Iraqi Accord Front, Iraqi People’s Conference, 2006-05-20 – 2006-06-08
Qadir Obeidi, Iraqi Accord Front, Independent, 2006-06-08 –
Oil Minister, Hussain al-Shahristani, United Iraqi Alliance, Independent, 2006-05-20 –
Electricity Minister, Karim Waheed, United Iraqi Alliance, Independent, 2006-05-20 –
Minister of Planning, Ali Baban, Iraqi Accord Front (expelled 2007), Iraqi Islamic Party (expelled 2007), 2006-05-20 –
Higher Education Minister, Abd Dhiyab al-Ajili, Iraqi Accord Front, Iraqi Islamic Party, 2006-05-20 – 2007-08-01, 2008-07-19 –
Minister of Municipalities and Public Works, Riad Ghareeb, United Iraqi Alliance, Supreme Islamic Iraqi Council, 2006-05-20 –
Finance Minister, Bayan Jabor, United Iraqi Alliance, Supreme Islamic Iraqi Council, 2006-05-20 –
Minister of Water Resources, Abdul-Latif Rashid, Kurdistani Alliance, Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, 2006-05-20 –
Environment Minister, Narmin Othman, Kurdistani Alliance, Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, 2006-05-20 –
Trade Minister, Abdul Falah al-Sudany, United Iraqi Alliance, Islamic Dawa Party – Iraq Organisation, 2006-05-20 –
Transport Minister, Karim Mahdi Salih, United Iraqi Alliance, Sadrist Movement, 2006-05-20 – 2007-04-16; Aamer Abdeljabbar Ismail, United Iraqi Alliance, 2008-07-19 –
Minister of Labour and Social Affairs, Mahmoud al-Radi, United Iraqi Alliance, Supreme Islamic Iraqi Council, 2006-05-20 –
Human Rights Minister, Wijdan Michael, Iraqi National List, Iraqi National Accord, 2006-05-20 – 2007-08-24
Health Minister, Ali al-Shemari, United Iraqi Alliance, Sadrist Movement, 2006-05-20 – 2007-04-16
Salih al-Hasnawi, 2007-10-30 –
Minister of Construction and Housing, Bayan Dezei, Kurdistani Alliance, Kurdistan Democratic Party, 2006-05-20 –
Education Minister, Khodair al-Khozaei, United Iraqi Alliance, Islamic Dawa Party – Iraq Organisation, 2006-05-20 –
Agriculture Minister, Yaroub al-Abodi, United Iraqi Alliance, Sadrist Movement, 2006-05-20 – 2007-04-16
Ali al-Bahadili, 2007-10-30 –
Justice Minister, Hashem al-Shebly, Iraqi National List, National Democratic Party, 2006-05-20 – 2007-03-31, Safa al-Safi (acting), United Iraqi Alliance, independent, 2007-03-31 – 2009-02-19, Judge Dara Nur al-Din, 2009-02-19 –
Culture Minister, Asaad Kamal Hashemi, Iraqi Accord Front, Iraqi People’s Conference, 2006-05-20 – 2007-08-01
Mahir Dali Ibrahim al-Hadithi, Iraqi Accord Front, 2008-07-19 –
Minister of Science and Technology, Raed Fahmy Jahid, Iraqi National List, Iraqi Communist Party, 2006-05-20 –
Minister of Displacement and Migration, Abdul Samad Sultan, United Iraqi Alliance, Fayli Kurd, 2006-05-20 –
Minister of Youth and Sports, Jasem Mohammed Jaafar, Kurdistani Alliance, Shiite Turkmen, 2006-05-20 –
Minister of Industry & Minerals, Fawzi Hariri, Kurdistani Alliance, Kurdistan Democratic Party, 2006-05-20 –
Communications Minister, Mohammed Tawfiq Allawi, Iraqi National List, , 2006-05-20 – 2007-08-24
Farouq Abdul Qadir Abdul Rahman, Iraqi Accord Front, 2008-07-19 –

Ministers of State:
National Security Affairs, Barham Salih, Kurdistani Alliance, Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, 2006-05-20 – 2006-06-08
Shirwan Waili, United Iraqi Alliance, Islamic Dawa Party – Iraq Organisation, 2006-06-08 –
Governorate Affairs, Saad Taher Abd Khalaf al-Hashemi, Iraqi National List, Iraqi National Accord, 2006-05-20 – 2007-08-24
Kholoud Sami Azaza, United Iraqi Alliance, 2008-07-19 –
Civil Society Affairs, Adel al-Assadi, United Iraqi Alliance, Islamic Action Organisation, 2006-05-20 –
Thamir Jaafar al-Zubeidi, United Iraqi Alliance, 2008-07-19
Foreign Affairs, Rafi al-Isawi, Iraqi Accord Front, Iraqi Islamic Party, 2006-05-20 – 2007-08-01
Mohammed Munajid Aifan al-Dulaimi, Iraqi Accord Front, 2008-07-19 –
National Dialogue, Akram al-Hakim, United Iraqi Alliance, Supreme Islamic Iraqi Council, 2006-05-20 –
Women, Faten Abdul Rahman Mahmoud, Iraqi Accord Front, Iraqi Islamic Party, 2006-05-20 – 2007-08-01, Nawal Majid Hawid al-Sammarai, resigned Feb 09
Nawal Majeed Hameed, Iraqi Accord Front, 2008-07-19
Tourism & Antiquities, Liwaa Semeism, United Iraqi Alliance, Sadrist Movement, 2006-05-20 – 2007-04-16
Ahtan Abbas No’man, United Iraqi Alliance, 2008-07-19
National Assembly Affairs, Safaaeddine al-Safi, United Iraqi Alliance, Independent, 2006-05-20 –
without portfolio, Muhammad Abbas al-Uraybi, Iraqi National List, , 2006-05-20 – 2007-08-24
without portfolio, Ali Muhammad Ahmad, Kurdistan Islamic Union, Kurdistan Islamic Union, 2006-05-20 –
without portfolio, Hasan Radi Kazim al-Sari, United Iraqi Alliance, Iraqi Hezbollah, 2006-05-20 –

Council of Representatives (مجلس النواب, Majlis an-Nuwwab) (275 members, elected for four years, with two sessions in each annual term)

Former Speaker: Mahmoud al-Mashhadani (resigned Dec 08)
New Speaker: Apr 09 Ayad al-Samarraie
Other candidates for Speaker (Feb 09: Khalil Gaddou (National Dialogue Front), Abd Motlak al-Jabouri (Independent Arab Bloc), Withab Shakir (Independent), Hussein al-Falluji (Independent)); (Apr 09 Mustafa al-Hiti (National Dialogue Front))
Deputy Speakers: Khalid al-Atiya and Aref Tayfoor

Consitutional Review Committee (dastur@parliament.iq)
الشيخ همام حمودي Sheikh Hamam Hamoudi (Chair)
الدكتور فؤاد معصوم Dr. Fouad Massoum (Deputy)
السيد اياد السامرائي Mr. Ayad al-Samarrai (Deputy)
السيد علي العلاق Mr. Ali Alaak
السيدة ناجحة عبد الامير Ms. Najeha Abid Al-Ameer
السيد عبد الكريم العنزي Mr. Abdul-Karim al-Enzi
السيد سامي العسكري Mr. Sami al-Askari
السيد عباس البياتي Mr. Abbas Al-Bayati (Rapporteur)
السيد قاسم داوود Mr. Kassem Daoud
السيد حسن الشمري Mr. Hassan Al Shammari
الشيخ جلال الدين الصغير Sheikh Jalaluddin al-Sagher
السيد عبد الكريم النقيب Mr. Abdul Karim Al-Naqib
السيد عمار طعمة Mr. Amar Tamah
السيد جابر حبيب جابر Mr. Jaber Habib Jaber
السيد سعدي البرزنجي Mr. Saadi Al-Barazanjy
السيد فرياد محمد فقي حسن فرياد Mr. Hassan Mohamed Faki
السيد عبد الله صالح حفظ الله Mr. Abdullah Salih
السيد أحمد انور محمد Mr. Anwar Ahmed Muhaamad
السيد حسين الفلوجي Mr. Hussein Falluji
السيد سليم عبدالله الجبوري Mr. Salim Abdullah al-Jubouri
السيد عزالدين الدولة Mr. Izzedine Dola
السيد حميد مجيد موسى Mr. Hamid Majid Mousa
السيدة عالية نصيف Ms. Alya Nassif (Rapporteur)
السيد أمين فرحان ججو Mr. Amin Farhan Jajo
السيد يونادم كنا Mr. Yonadam Kanna
السيد سعد الدين محمد امين Mr. Saad El Din Mohamed Amin
السيد حنين محمود القدو Mr. Haneen Mahmoud Al-Qadu
السيد سامي عبد الله الاتروشي Mr. Sami Abdullah Atrushi
السيد محمد علي تميم Mr. Mohamed Ali Tamim
السيد ابلحد افرام Mr. Abelhd Afram
السيد ياسين حمادي Mr. Yassin Humadi

Legal Committee (legal@parliament.iq)
1. Mr. Bahaa Al_A`arajy (Chief)
2. Mrs. Eman Al-Asady (Deputy)
3. Dr. Saleem Abdullah Al-Jobory (Deputy)
4. Mr. Qaes Saad Al-Amery
5. Mr. Mudhaher Hussein Al-Hakeem
6. Mr. Wael Abul Lateef
7. Mr. Omar Khalaf Jowad
8. Mr. Zuhair Muhammad Ameen Rasheed
9. Dr. Muhammad Shareef
10. Mr. Muhsen Al-Sadoon
11. Mr. Khalid Salam (Rapporteur)
12. Mr. Ahmed Anwar
13. Mr. Hassan Halbose
14. Ez Al-Deen Dolah

Integrity Committee (integrity@parliament.iq)
1. Mr.Sabah Jaloob Al-Sa`ady (Chief)
2. Mr. Ghofaran Abood Al-Sa`ady
3. Mr. Kamal Abdullah Al-Sa`ady
4. Mr. Muhammad Najy Muhammad Ali
5. Dr.Omar Abdul Sattar Mahmoud (Deputy)
6. Mrs. Amal Suham Al-qadhy
7. Mrs. Alya Nasaif (Rapporteur)
8. Mrs. Kamela Ibraheem
9. Dr. Muhammad Ali Tameem
10. Mr. Azad Jalal
11. Mr.Dhia Al-Deen Al-Fayadh
12. Mr. Abdul Jabbar Rahaif
13. Mrs. Sahar Jabber Al-Atta

Accountability and Justice Committee (de-Baathification) (dc@parliament.iq)
1. Mr. Falah Hassan ShanShal (Chief)
2. Mr. Tahseen Abid Muttar (Deputy)
3. Mr. Abdullah Muhammad Ali (Rapporteur)
4. Mr. Ali Madlol Hamza
5. Mr. Jaber Abid Al-Kadhem Salman.
6. Mr. Ezat Al-Shabander
7. Mr. Abdullah Muhammad Ali
8. Mr. Rasheed Aday Al-Azawe

Members Committee (mapds@parliament.iq)
1. Mr. Hussam Abid Al-Kareem Al-Azawy (Chief)
2. Mr. Muhammad Mahdy Al-Bayatee
3. Mrs. Suad Hameed Lafta (Rapporteur)
4. Mr. Serwan Adnan Merza
5. Mr. Omar Aziz Qader
6. Mr. Abalhad Afram
7. Mrs. Suham Kadhim Muhammad
8. Mahmoud Hama Ameen
9. Amena Ghadhaban Mubark

Members of the CoR
Governing Coalition United Iraqi Alliance – 128 seats

Supreme Islamic Iraqi Council
SIIC was previously known as the Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq or SCIRI.

1. Abd al-Aziz Muhsin Mahdi al-Hakim Leader of the United Iraqi Alliance
2. Ijra’ Faysal Udah
3. Basimah Aziz Nasir
4. Jinan Jasim al-Ubaydi
5. AbdulAmeer AbdAzahra
6. Hamid Rashid Ma`ala
7. Rida Jawad Taqi
8. Abdul Jabar Raheef
9. Salim Jasur Hasun
10. Layla Thamir Fakhir
11. Majeed Khayr Allah Rahi
12. Fathiyah Abd al-Halim Abd al-Karim
13. Muhammad Taqi Ali al-Mawla (an ethnic Iraqi Turkmen)
14. Jalal al-Din Ali al-Saghir (Badr Organization)
15. Iqball Khalil Ghani (Badr Organization)
16. Iman Khalil Sha`alan (Badr Organization)
17. Tahsin `Abd Matar (Badr Organization)
18. Ra’idah Freini Bawi (Badr Organization)
19. Diya’ al-Din Muhammad al-Fayyad (Badr Organization)
20. Abd al-Karim Abd al-Sahib (Badr Organization)
21. Muhammad Rajih Alwan (Badr Organization)
22. Muhammad Husayn Salih (Badr Organization)
23. Muhammad Naji Muhammad Ali (Badr Organization)
24. Muhammad Mahdi Ameen (Badr Organization)
25. Muna Nur Zalzalah (Badr Organization)
26. Nidal Ta`an Abbas (Badr Organization)
27. Hadi Farhan al-Amiri (Badr Organization)
28. Hadi Abd Allah Bash (Badr Organization)
29. Hammam Baqir Abd al-Hamid Hammudi (Badr Organization)

Sadrist Movement
Note: the Sadrist Movement boycotted the Council of Representatives from 13 June to 17 July 2007 in protest at the 2007 al-Askari Mosque bombing.
Note: the Sadrist Movement quit the United Iraq Alliance in September 2007.

1. Ahmad Hasan Ali
2. Adibah Musa Shahd
3. Amirah Jasim Khalaf
4. Intisar Jasim Muhammad Rida
5. Iman Jalal Muhammad
6. Balqis Kuli Muhammad
7. Baha’ al-A`raji
8. Tahsin Hameed Khulayf
9. Hasan Tu`mah al-Rubay`i
10. Haneen Mahmoud Al Qudw
11. Husayn Amir Radi
12. Haydar Sa`id Isma`il
13. Zaynab Karim al-Juburi
14. Salam Udah al-Maliki
15. Salih Hasan Isa
16. Adil Salih Majid
17. Aliyah Hamzah Duwayj
18. Aqil Abd Husayn Sajit
19. Allawi Madlul Hamzah
20. Alwan Habib Husayn
21. Ghufran Abbud Husayn
22. Fawzi Akram Samin
23. Falah Hasan Shanshal
24. Qusay Abd al-Wahhab Abbud al-Suhayl
25. Liqa’ Ja`far Muntazir
26. Majidah Husayn Dashar
27. Maha Adil al-Duri
28. Nasir Hashim Tha`lab
29. Nassar Saghir Darbi

Islamic Virtue Party
Note that the Islamic Virtue Party left the United Iraqi Alliance in March 2007. They had previously quit the government of Nouri al-Maliki in March 2006

1. Basim Jasim Nur
2. Basim Sharif Nasid
3. Bushra Jabbar Badan
4. Jabir Khalifah Jabir
5. Hasan Halbus al-Shammari
6. Karim Muhsin Hasan
7. Zahra’ Abbas al-Hashimi
8. Siham Kazim Salman
9. Sabah Julub Falih
10. Ammar Tu`mah Abd al-Abbas
11. Kamilah Kazim Muhammad
12. Muhammad Kazim Khalif
13. Muhammad Isma`il Hasan
14. Mukhlis Balasim Sa`dun
15. Nadim Isa al-Jabiri

Islamic Dawa Party
1. Ali Muhammad Salih al-Adib
2. Haidar al-Abbadi
3. Jinan Abd al-Jabbar Yasin
4. Hasan Hameed Hasan
5. Ibrahim Abd al-Karim al-Ja`fari
6. Jabir Abd al-Kazim Salman
7. Shahid Husayn Matar
8. Falah Faysal al-Fayyad
9. Kamal Khalawi Abd Allah
10. Najihah Abd al-Amir Abd al-Karim
11. Nada Abd Allah al-Sudani

Islamic Dawa Party – Iraq Organisation
1. Kasim Muhammad Taqi al-Sahlani
2. Iman Hamid Ali
3. Khalid Ubayd Jazi`
4. Sahar jaber Ata
5. Khawla Abdul Sadeq
6. Suad Hameed Lafteh
7. Abd al-Hadi Muhammad al-Hasani
8. Abd Ali Laftah Ni`mah
9. Adilah Hammud Husayn
10. Ali Hussain al-Alaq
11. Qasim `Atiyah al-Juburi
12. Muna Husayn Abd Ali
13. Na`imah Salman Abbas
14. Abd al-Karim Ali al-Anazi

Independents
1. Ahmad Jasim Muhammad al-Zubaydi
2. Inaam Ali Al Jawadi
3. Jabir Habib Jabir
4. Amer Thamer Ali
5. Haydar Karim Fahd al-Suwaydi
6. Haydar Sabkhi al-Jurani
7. Khalid Abadhir al-Atiyah
8. Zakiyah Isma`il Haqi
9. Sami Jasim al-Askari
10. Samirah Ja`far al-Musawi
11. Shatha Mousa Sadiq
12. Taha Der’e Taha
13. Abidah Ahmad Dakhil al-Ta’i
14. Amirah Muhammad al-Baldawi
15. Abbas Hasan al-Bayati (an ethnic Iraqi Turkmen)
16. Abd al-Wahhab Abd al-Hakim al-Safi
17. Qassim Daoud
18. Qays Sa`d al-Amiri
19. Lamiya’ Na`imah Dawud
20. Muhammad Muhammad Salih al-Haydari
21. Muhammad Izz al-Din al-Khatib
22. Mazhar Husayn al-Hakim
23. Malhan Imran al-Mkoter
24. Hashim Rida Ali
25. Hana’ Turki Abd al-Ta’i
26. Hayfa’ Majli Ja`far

Others
1. Jamal Ja`far Muhammad Ali
2. Daghir Jasim Kazim
3. Feriad Omar Abdullah
4. Layla Kadhem Jasim

Kurdistani Alliance – 53 seats
1. Ablahad Afraim Sawa – Chaldean Democratic Union
2. Ahlam Asa’ad Mohamed
3. Ahmad Yousef Mousa
4. Ahmad Anwar Mohamed
5. Ismail Shaker Rasool
6. Akram Qader Mohamed
7. Alla Tahseen Habeeb – Patriotic Union of Kurdistan
8. Azad Omar Hasan
9. Asia Ahmad Khalid
10. Azad Rafeeq Tawfeeq
11. Baized Hasan Abd Alla
12. Bukhari Abd Alla Khadar
13. Barham Salih – Patriotic Union of Kurdistan
14. Tania Tala’at Mohamed
15. Jalal Talabani – Patriotic Union of Kurdistan
16. Hasan Othman Mohamed
17. Khalid Salam Saeed (an ethnic Yazidi)
18. Darkhshan Mohamed afandi
19. Rabha Hamad Abd Alla
20. Rawoof Othman Ma’aroof
21. Rooz Nouri Sedeq
22. Zaian Anwar Rasheed
23. Samia Azeez Mohamed
24. Sa’adi Ismail Abd Al Kareem
25. Suzan Mohamed Mohamed Ameen
26. Serwan Adnan Merza
27. Aref Tayfour – Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iraq
28. Ass Husain Mohamed
29. Abd Al Khaleq Mohamed Rasheed
30. Abd Al Rahman Ali Mohamed
31. Abd Alla Saleh Hafth Alla
32. Abd Alla Mohamed Ali
33. Abd Al Bari Mohamed Fares
34. Ali Hisain Balo
35. Farzandah Ahmad Qsaim
36. Feriad Mohamed Taqi Hasan
37. Fawzi Franso Hariri – Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iraq
38. Faian Sedeq Mustafa
39. Kamilia Ibrahim Ahmad
40. Kian Kamel Hasan
41. Lateef Haji Hasan
42. Laila Mohamed Qahraman
43. Laila Ali Karam
44. Muhsen Sa’adoon Ahmad
45. Mohamed Shareef Ahmad
46. Mohamed Reda Mohamed Mahmoud
47. Mohamed Fouad Maasoum Khader
48. Mahmoud Othman – Kurdish Socialist Party
49. Nazneen Husain Faed Alla
50. Nozad Saleh Refa’at
51. Hoshyar Zebari – Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iraq
52. Walid Mohamed Mohamed Saleh Sharika – Iraqi Turkomen Brotherhood Party
53. Yousef Ahmad Mustafa

Iraqi Accord Front – 44 seats
Note: the Front boycotted the Council of Representatives from 2007-06-24 in protest at the suspension of the speaker, Mahmoud al-Mashhadani and the arrest warrant against Culture Minister As’ad al-Hashimi. They ended their boycott 19 July after Mashhadani was reinstated.

Note: Six members of the IAF have defected since their election

1. Ibrahim Ne’ema Thanoon
2. Ahmad Sulaiman Jameel
3. Ahmad Rakan Abd Al Azeez
4. Azhar Abd Al Majeed Husain
5. Usama Tawfeeq Mekhlef
6. Asma Adnan Mohamed
7. Asma Abd Alla Saleh
8. Ala Abd Alla Hmoud
9. Amal Seham Hamed
10. Amnah Ghadban Mobarak
11. Iyad Saleh Mahdi
12. Taiseer Najeh Awad
13. Jamal Mohsen Mousa
14. Hareth Mohei Al Deen Abed
15. Hasan Deikan Khdeir
16. Husain Shokor Hameed al-Falluji – resigned from the Front in July 2008
17. Khalaf al-Ulayyan
18. Khalaf Mohamed Abed Al Mawla
19. Khalil Jdou’o Attia
20. Rafe’e Hiad Jiad
21. Raja Hamdoun Abd Alla
22. Salman Ali Hasan
23. Saleem Abd Alla Ahmad
24. Shatha Munther Abd Al Razeq
25. Tariq al-Hashimi
26. Taha Khdeir Ftheil
27. Thafer Nathem Salman
28. Amer Habeeb Khaizaran
29. Abd Motlaq Hmoud
30. Abd Al Naser Kareem Yousef al-Janabi – resigned October 2007 and replaced by Ahmed Radhi
31. Abd Al Kareem Ali Yseen
32. `Adnan al-Dulaymi
33. Adnan Thiab Ghanem
34. Ezz Al Deen Abd Alla Husain al-Dawla. He resigned from the Front in July 2008
35. Alla Maki Abd Al Razeq
36. Omar Abd Al Sattar Mahmoud
37. Mahmoud al-Mashhadani
38. Methher Sa’adoon Awad
39. Naderah Aef Habeeb
40. Naef Jasem Mohamed
41. Nawal Majeed Hameed
42. Nour Al Deen Saeed Mousa
43. Hashem Yahia Ahmad
44. Wethab Shaker Mahmoud

Iraqi National List – 25 seats
1. Usama Abd Al Azeez Al Najafi
2. Iyad Allawi – Iraqi National Accord
3. Iyad Raouf Mohamed Jalal Al Deen
4. Jamal Abd Al Hadi Batekh
5. Hajem Mahdi Saleh al-Hassani (independent since Sep 2007)
6. Husam Abd Al Kareem Abed Ali
7. Husain Ali Al Sha’alan (d. July 2007)
8. Hamid Majid Mousa – Iraqi Communist Party
9. Kheir Alla Kareem Kathem
10. Radwan Husain Abbas Al Kleidar
11. Sa’ad Sfouk Al Masoudi
12. Safia Taleb Ali al-Suhail (independent since Sep 2007)
13. Aida Shareef Tawfeeq (died June 27, 2007?)
14. Alia Naseef Jasem
15. Abd Al Lateef Abd Al Wahab Husain
16. Adnan Pachachi – Assembly of Independent Democrats
17. Ezzat Hasan Ali
18. Ghazi al-Yawar – The Iraqis
19. Falah Hassan al-Naqib
20. Mohamed Tawfeeq Husain
21. Mohamed Abbas Mohamed
22. Mofeed Mohaed Jawad – Iraqi Communist Party
23. Mahdi Ahmad Al Hafeth – Iraqi Independent Democrats (since May 2007 an independent)
24. Maysun al-Damluji
25. Wael Abdul Latif

Iraqi National Dialogue Front – 11 seats
Note: The Dialogue Front boycotted the Council of Representatives from 2007-06-24 to 19 July in protest at the suspension of the speaker, Mahmoud al-Mashhadani and the arrest warrant against Culture Minister As’ad al-Hashimi.

1. Asa’ad Ibrahim Husain
2. Saleh al-Mutlaq
3. Ali Abd Alla Hmoud
4. Omar Khalaf Jawad
5. Falah Hasan Zeidan
6. Mohamed Ktouf Mansour
7. Mohammed Hassan Awad (died April 12, 2007)
8. Mohamed Ali Mohamed
9. Mahmoud Thanoun Mahmoud
10. Mustafa Mohamed Ameen Mohamed Ali
11. Nada Mohamed Ibrahim

Kurdistan Islamic Union – 5 seats
1. Asmar Husain Ahmad
2. Zuhair Muhamed Ameed Rasheed
3. Sami Abd Alla Husain
4. Omar Ali Husain
5. Mohamed Ahmad Mahmoud

Reconciliation and Liberation Bloc – 3 seats
1. Abd Alla Iskandar Habeeb
2. Mohamed Al Jbouri Khlaf Hasan
3. Mesha’an Rkath Damen

The Upholders of the Message – 2 seats
1. Hasan Hashem Metsher
2. Naseer Kathem Obaid

Iraqi Turkmen Front – 1 seat
1. Sadettin Ergec

National Rafidain List – 1 seat
1. Yonadam Kanna

Mithal al-Alusi List – 1 seat
1. Mithal al-Alusi

Yazidi Movement for Reform and Progress – 1 seat
1. Ameen Farhan Jejo

Federation Council (Majlis al-Ittihad) Not yet in existence

Appendix 1: Iraqi Governing Council (July 13, 2003 to June 1, 2004)
The Iraqi Governing Council was a provisional government created by the CPA, consisting of 13 Shi’ites, five Sunni Arabs, five Kurds (also Sunnis), one ethnic Turk and an Assyrian. The presidency of Iraq rotated monthly among nine members of the council.

Presidents of Iraqi Governing Council
Mohammed Bahr al-Uloum (1st time, acting) 13 July 2003-31 July 2003, Non-party
Ibrahim al-Jaafari, 1 August 2003-31 August 2003, Islamic Dawa Party
Ahmed Chalabi, 1 September 2003 -30 September 2003, Iraqi National Congress
Iyad Allawi, 1 October 2003-31 October 2003, Iraqi National Accord
Jalal Talabani, 1 November 2003-30 November 2003, Patriotic Union of Kurdistan
Abdel-Aziz al-Hakim, 1 December 2003-31 December 2003, Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq
Adnan Pachachi, 1 January 2004-31 January 2004, Assembly of Independent Democrats
Mohsen Abdel Hamid, 1 February 2004-29 February 2004, Iraqi Islamic Party
Mohammed Bahr al-Uloum (2nd time), 1 March 2004-31 March 2004, Non-party
Massoud Barzani, 1 April 2004-30 April 2004, Kurdistan Democratic Party
Ezzedine Salim, 1 May 2004-17 May 2004, Islamic Dawa Party
Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawer, 17 May 2004-28 June 2004, Non-party

Council Members
-Shi’a
Iyad Allawi: head of the Iraqi National Accord (INA). Also a medical doctor and long-time oppositionist.

Ahmad al-Barak: serves as general coordinator for the Human Rights Association of Babil, and as coordinator for the Iraqi Bar Association. He had worked on UN programs in Iraq at the Iraqi Foreign Ministry since 1991.

Ahmad Chalabi: former exile and head of the London-based Iraqi National Congress (INC), an umbrella group for the opposition.

Abd al-Aziz al-Hakim: Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq (SCIRI). Abd al-Aziz is the brother of SCIRI head Muhammad Baqir al-Hakim. He returned to Iraq after the fall of the Hussein regime following 20 years of exile.

Aqilah al-Hashimi: Ms. al-Hashimi was one of three women on the 25-member governing council. She had previously served as an Iraqi diplomat when Saddam Hussein was in power. In September 2003 she was assassinated.

Ibrahim al-Ja’fari: spokesman for the Islamic Da’wah Party from Karbala and also a medical doctor. His party fought the Hussein regime from Iran until 1982.

Raja Habib al-Khaza’i: head of a maternity hospital in Al-Diwaniyah. Studied and lived in Britain from the late 1960s until she returned to Iraq in 1977.

Wa’il Abd al-Latif: served as head judge in Al-Nasiriyah courts. Named governor of Basrah on 4 July.

Abd al-Zahra Uthman Muhammad (aka Izz al-Din Salim): head of Al-Da’wah party in Basrah; editor of several newspapers and magazines. On 17 May 2004 Abd al-Zahra Uthman Muhammad, killed with a number of other Iraqis in a car bomb attack waiting to enter the Green Zone.

Abd-al Karim al-Mahmadawi: known as “Prince of the Marshes” for leading a resistance movement against Hussein from the southern Iraqi marshes; imprisoned by the Hussein regime for six years. Now heads a small Islamist party in the southern Iraqi town of Amarah.

Hamid Majid Musa: secretary of the Iraqi Communist Party; also an economist and petroleum researcher. Left Iraq in 1978 and reportedly returned in 1983.

Muwaffaq al-Rubay’i: former Iraqi exile and human rights activist, medical doctor, and author. Bremer announced 09 April 2004 that he had appointed Muwaffaq al-Rubay’i, a Shi’a member of the Governing Council, as Iraq’s national security adviser. Al-Rubay’i subsequently resigned from his seat on the Iraqi Governing Council.

Muhammad Bahr al-Ulum: Shi’ite cleric. Returned from exile in London after the fall of the Hussein regime. In London, he headed the Ahl al-Bayt Charitable Center. The Iraqi opposition elected Bahr al-Ulum as the Shi’ite member of a leadership triumvirate after the 1991 Gulf War.

Salamah al-Khafaji, who replaced slain council member Aqilah al-Hashimi, had also threatened to resign from the council, but she continued to attend meetings.

-Sunnis:
Nasir Kamil Chadirchi: head of the National Democratic Party and a Baghdad-based lawyer and businessman. He is the son of Kamil al-Chadirchi, who played a leading role in Iraq’s democratic development until the Ba’ath Party came to power in 1968.

Muhsin Abd al-Hamid: secretary-general of the Iraqi Islamic Party and author of some 30 books on the Qur’an.

Samir Shakir Mahmud: writer and businessman from Hadithah; oppositionist and member of the Al-Sumaydah tribe.

Adnan Pachachi: former Iraqi foreign minister and head of the Iraqi Independent Democrats Movement; returned to Iraq after the fall of the Hussein regime.

Ghazi Ajil al-Yawir: civil engineer, born in Mosul, and had been living in Saudi Arabia where he served as vice president of Hicap Technology Company.

-Kurds:
Mas’ud Barzani: A Sunni Kurd, he is the head of the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) founded in 1946 by his father Mustafa Barzani. Three of his brothers were reportedly ‘disappeared’ in 1983 when the Hussein regime rounded up some 8,000 members of the Barzani clan.

Salah al-Din Muhammad Baha al-Din: head of the Kurdistan Islamic Movement. A Sunni Kurd from Halabja, he has written several books in Kurdish and Arabic.

Dara Nur al-Din: former judge on the Iraqi Court of Appeals. Jailed for eight months in 2002 by Hussein after declaring a Hussein edict on land confiscation without compensation was unconstitutional; released in general amnesty in October 2002.

Jalal Talabani: head of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK). He is a Sunni Kurd from Kirkuk. A one-time member of the KDP, he broke with the organization and founded the PUK in 1957.

Mahmud Uthman: independent politician.

-Christians
Yonadam Yousif Kanna: head of the Assyrian Democratic Movement. He is a former minister of public works and housing and a former minister of industry and energy in Iraqi Kurdistan. Has opposed the Hussein regime since 1979.

-Turkomans:
Sungul Chabuk: head of Kirkuk-based Women’s Organization. Also an engineer and teacher.

Cabinet
On September 1, 2003, the council named its first cabinet. They were:
Minister of Communications — Haidar al-Abbadi
Minister of Public Works — Nesreen Mustafa Sidiq Berwari
Minister of Construction and Housing — Bayan Baqir Solagh
Minister of the Environment — Abdul-Rahman Sidiq Kareem
Minister of Trade — Ali Adbul-Amir Allawi
Minister of Planning — Mahdi al-Hafidh
Minister of Education — Alaudin Abdul-Saheb al-Alwan
Minister of Higher Education — Zeyad Abdul-Razzaq Mohammed Aswad
Minister of Culture — Mofeed Mohammed Jawad al-Jazaeri
Minister of Human Rights — Abdul-Basit Turki (resigned April 2004)
Minister of Foreign Affairs — Hoshyar Zebari
Minister of Interior — Nori al-Badran (resigned April 2004 and replaced by Samir Sumaidaie)
Minister of Agriculture — Abdul-Ameer Abboud Rahima
Minister of Sport and Youth — Ali Faik al-Ghadban
Minister of Health — Dr. Khudayer Abbas
Minister of Industry and Minerals — Mohammed Tawfik Raheem
Minister of Justice — Hashim Abdul-Rahman al-Shibli
Minister of Science and Technology — Rashad Mandan Omar
Minister of Work and Social Affairs — Sami Izara al-Majoun
Minister of Electricity — Ayham al-Samaraie
Minister of Finance — Kamil Mubdir al-Gailani
Minister of Immigration and Refugees — Mohammed Jassem Khudair
Minister of Water Resources — Abdul-Latif Rashid
Minister of Oil — Ibrahim Mohamed Bahr al-Uloum
Minister of Transport — Behnam Zayya Polis
The Saddam-era positions of Minister of Defense and Minister of Information were dissolved.

Appendix 2: Iraqi Interim Government (June 2004 to May 2005)

President: Sheik Ghazi Ajil al-Yawar, is a Sunni and an important sheik in the Shammar tribe, one of Iraq’s largest. Born in Mosul, Yawar studied engineering at Georgetown University in Washington, D.C., and spent 15 years in exile in Saudi Arabia

Deputy president: Dr. Ibrahim Jaafari, born in Karbala, was the chief spokesman for the Da’wa Party. Jaafari fled Iraq in 1980 for Iran, then moved to London in 1989. He earned his medical degree from Mosul University.

Deputy president: Rowsch Shaways, was the president of the Kurdistan National Assembly in northern Iraq. He earned a doctorate in engineering in Germany and returned to Iraq in 1975 to join the Kurdish rebellion against Saddam Hussein. A senior member of the Kurdish Democratic Party (KDP), one of the two main Kurdish political parties, he became the deputy prime minister of the joint Kurdistan regional government in 1992, after the withdrawal of Saddam Hussein’s forces from the Kurdish-held area protected by a U.N.-sanctioned no-fly zone.

Ministers
Prime minister: Dr. Iyad Allawi is the co-founder of the London-based Iraqi National Accord (INA), an opposition group supported by the CIA that staged an unsuccessful coup d’etat against Saddam Hussein in 1996. A secular Shiite, he was a Baathist who served in the Iraqi intelligence services until falling out with the regime and leaving Iraq in 1971 to study medicine in London. Born in Baghdad, he is a neurologist and a businessman.

Deputy prime minister for national security: Barham Salih was most recently the regional administrator of Sulaimaniya in Iraqi Kurdistan. Born in northern Iraq, he joined the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK), the other main Iraqi Kurdish political party, in 1976 and was arrested twice by the Iraqi secret police. After fleeing Iraq in 1979, he became the PUK’s spokesman in London and, later, in Washington, D.C. He holds a doctorate in statistics and computer modeling from the University of Liverpool.

National security adviser: Dr. Mowaffak al-Rubaie is the former Da’wa spokesman in London and served on the IGC. He is also a neurologist and human rights activist.

Minister of defense: Hazem Sha’alan is a Sunni and the sheik of the Ghazal tribe. Born in Diwaniya, he was named its governor in April 2003. He served as inspector general of the Iraqi Real Estate Bank from 1983-1985 but left the country because he opposed the Saddam Hussein regime. Until the U.S.-led invasion, he managed a successful real estate firm in the United Kingdom.

Minister of foreign affairs: Hoshyar Zebari served as the foreign minister under the IGC-appointed Cabinet. Born in Aqrah in 1953, he left Iraq in 1976 and earned a political science degree from Jordan University in Amman and a master’s degree in sociology from Essex University in Britain. A Kurd, he is a senior member of the KDP.

Minister of oil: Thamir Ghadbhan has worked for the Iraqi Ministry of Oil since 1973 and was its former chief executive officer. Born in Babil, he earned his master’s degree in petroleum engineering from London University. A Sunni, he was briefly named minister of oil in May 2003—but ceded his position to a governing council appointee a few months later.

Minister of interior: Falah Hassan al-Naqib is a Sunni who was named the governor of Salah al-Din after the fall of Saddam Hussein. He is seen as an ally of Allawi and is the son of an important Iraqi general, Hassan al-Naqib, who defected in the 1970s and became an active opposition member in exile. Born in Samarra, he is a U.S.-trained civil engineer.

Minister of finance: Adel Abdul Mahdi is an economist and a member of the Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq (SCIRI). He was imprisoned and sentenced to death for his political activities in the 1960s, and in 1969 fled to France. There, he earned graduate degrees in politics and economics and served as the head of the French Institute of Islamic Studies. Born in Baghdad, he recently served as the deputy for Abdul Aziz al-Hakim—one of the founders of SCIRI—on the IGC.

Minister of justice: Malik Dohan al-Hassan is one of Iraq’s foremost authorities on tort law. He was elected twice to the Iraqi parliament during the monarchy—which ended in 1958—and was appointed minster of culture and information in 1967. A Sunni born in al-Hilla, he received his doctorate in law in France and served as a law professor at the University of Baghdad. In 2003, he was elected president of the Iraqi Bar Association and also serves as the chairman of the special task force on compensation for victims of the Saddam Hussein regime.

Minister of agriculture: Sawsan al-Sharifi served as the deputy minister of agriculture under the CPA government. Born in Baghdad, she earned her bachelor’s degree from Baghdad University and her master’s and doctoral degrees in animal breeding from Iowa State University. After returning to Iraq in 1984, she served on the Scientific Research Council and supervised graduate students in Baghdad. She is the editor of the Iraqi Journal of Agriculture.

Minister of communications: Mohammed al-Hakim served as the deputy secretary general of the IGC and as an ambassador at the Iraqi Ministry of Foreign Affairs under the IGC-appointed government. Born in Najaf, he earned his bachelor’s degree in Baghdad, his master’s in computer science in Britain, and his doctorate in information management from the University of Southern California. He co-founded a U.S.-based technology company called Infoclarus and has recently been part of several delegations representing Iraq to the international financial community.

Minister of culture: Mufid al-Jazairi is a former journalist and a member of the Iraqi Democratic Journalists, Writers, and Artists Association and the minister of culture under the IGC-appointed government. Born in al-Madhatiah, he received a master’s degree in journalism in 1966 in Prague and spent the 1960s and 1970s working in Eastern Europe for Arabic-language publications and radio broadcasts. From 1982 to 1988, he lived in Kurdish northern Iraq and was active in the underground opposition movement against Saddam Hussein.

Minster of displacement and migration: Pascale Isho Warda is the president of the Assyrian Women’s Union in Baghdad. Born in Duhok, she co-founded the Iraqi Society for Human Rights and served as the representative of the Assyrian Democratic Movement (ADM) Foundation in Paris. The ADM is the main Assyrian political party in Iraq.

Minister of education: Sami al-Mudhaffar is one of the most senior biochemists in Iraq. Born in Basra, he received his bachelor’s degree in science from Baghdad University and his doctorate from the Virginia Polytechnic Institute. From 1968-2000, he was a lecturer at the University of Basra and Baghdad University and has published more than 250 scientific papers.

Minister of electricity: Ayham al-Samarrae is a long-time U.S. resident who completed his doctoral studies at the Illinois Institute of Technology in Chicago. He worked for 30 years for KCI Technologies, a U.S.-based engineering firm. Since 1992, he has been involved with the Iraqi Middle Democratic Trend, a little-known Saddam Hussein opposition group, and is reportedly a close associate of Pachachi.

Minister of environment: Mishkat Moumin is a law professor at Baghdad University specializing in human rights law. She is the assistant director of a nongovernmental organization called the Iraq Foundation and is active with the Iraq Advisory Council on Women’s Affairs.

Minister of health: Dr. Alaadin al-Alwan served as the minister of health under the IGC-appointed government. Born in Baghdad, he holds a medical degree from Alexandria Medical College in Egypt and postgraduate degrees from the United Kingdom. He has served as dean and professor at a medical college in Baghdad and, among other international positions, head of the department of chronic and noncontagious diseases at the World Health Organization’s offices in Geneva.

Minister of higher education: Taher al-Bakaa became president of al-Mustansiriya University in Baghdad in 2003. Born in Dhi Qar, he received his bachelor’s, master’s, and doctorate degrees in history from Baghdad University.

Minister of housing and construction: Omar al-Damluji earned his doctorate degree in engineering from Baghdad University where he was a professor until recently. He had been the head of the university’s civil engineering department since 2000.

Minister of human rights: Bakhtiar Amin has served as the secretary general for the Kurdish Institute in Paris and the director of the Human Rights Coalition in Washington, D.C. Born in Kirkuk, he holds a master’s degree in international affairs and a doctorate in political geography from the Sorbonne in Paris.

Minister of industry and minerals: Hakim al-Hasni, is the spokesman for the Iraqi Islamic Party, a Sunni Islamist organization, and was active in the anti-Saddam Hussein opposition. Born in Kirkuk, he graduated from Mosul University and moved to the United States in 1979. He earned a doctorate in industrial organization from the University of Connecticut and most recently was the head of the American Investment and Trading Company in Los Angeles. Since returning to Iraq in 2003, he has been a deputy member of the IGC and the deputy chair of its finance committee.

Minister of labor and social affairs: Layla Abd al-Latif

Minister of planning: Mahdi al-Hafidh represented Iraq as the minister plenipotentiary at the United Nations in Geneva from 1978-1980. He then worked for the United Nations from 1983-1996. He was a founding member of the Arab Organization for Human Rights and worked as a vice president of the al-Tasami Afro-Asian Organization. He holds a doctorate in economic science from the University of Prague.

Minister of public works: Nesreen Berwari is a Kurdish woman and KDP member. Trained at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government, she is the former minister of reconstruction and development for the Kurdistan Regional Government.

Minister of science and technology: Rashad Mandan Omar served as the head of this ministry under the IGC-appointed government. A Turkman, he was the director of the committee for oil construction at the Iraqi oil ministry until 1999. He then worked in Dubai as a construction manager. He holds a doctorate in civil engineering from the University of London.

Minister of trade: Mohammed al-Jibouri became director general of Iraq’s State Oil Marketing Organization (SOMO) in May 2003. Born in Mosul, he holds a postgraduate degree in economics from Glasgow University and has worked at SOMO since 1983.

Minister of transportation: Louay Sultan al-Erris was an aircraft engineer for Boeing and is now a director general for Iraqi Airways. He was appointed vice chairman of the Baghdad provincial council by the CPA.

Minister of water resources: Abd-al-Latif Rashid has been the spokesman for the Kurdistan Front Union in the United Kingdom since 1978. He holds a degree in civil engineering from Liverpool University and completed his doctorate in engineering at Manchester University in 1976. He has worked in the fields of irrigation and drainage, water control engineering, and agricultural development.

Minister of youth and sport: Ali Faiq Al-Ghadban is a member of SCIRI. Born in Baghdad, he holds a bachelor’s degree in agricultural engineering from the University of Baghdad. He fled Iraq in 1980 to Iran.

Minister of state for provinces: Wail Abdul al-Latif was an IGC member. After training in law at Baghdad University, he became a judge in Basra in 1982 but was later imprisoned and prevented from working by Saddam Hussein’s regime. He was named interim governor of Basra in June 2003.

Minister of state for women: Narmin Othman, a Kurd and PUK member, is a former minister of social affairs in the Kurdistan regional government. Before joining government service, she was a member of the peshmerga, or Kurdish militia.

Minister of state without portfolio: Kassim Daoud is a scientist and member of the Iraqi Democratic Movement. He has a doctorate in microbiology from the University of Wales.

Minister of state without portfolio: Mahmoud Othman is a scholar and linguist and served on the IGC. He has doctorates in English and German philosophy.

Minister of state without portfolio: Adnan al-Janabi is a London-trained economist and the head of the large Janabi tribe. He was head of marketing for the Iraqi oil industry in the 1970s and head of foreign relations for the oil ministry in the 1980s. He was elected to the National Assembly in 1996.

Appendix 3: Transitional Government (May to Dec 2005)

The Iraqi Transitional Government (May 2005 to December 2005) operated under the Law of Administration for the State of Iraq for the Transitional Period (TAL)

President: Jalal Talabani
Vice Presidents: Adil Abdul Mahdi, Ghazi al-Yawar

Ministers
Prime Ministers: Ibrahim al Jaafari
Deputy Prime Ministers: Ahmed Chalabi, Ruz Nuri Shawis, Abid Mutlak al-Jubouri

Interior Minister, Bayan Baqir Solagh
Foreign Minister, Hoshyar Zebari
Defence Minister, Saadoun al-Dulaimi
Oil Minister, Ibrahim Bahr al-Uloum
Electricity Minister, Mohsen Shlash
Minister of Planning and Development Co-operation, Barham Salih
Higher Education Minister, Sami al-Mudhaffar
Minister of Municipalities and Public Works, Nisrin Barwari
Telecommunications Minister, Juwan Fouad Masum
Finance Minister, Ali Adbul-Amir Allawi
Minister of Water Resources, Abdul-Latif Rashid
Minister of Environment, Narmin Othman
Trade Minister, Abdel-Karim Mahoud al-Mohammedawi
Transport Minister, Salam al-Maliki
Minister of Labour and Social Affairs, Idris Hadi
Human Rights Minister, Narmin Othman (acting)
Hashim al-Shible rejected the post after he had been approved by parliament
Health Minister, Abdel Muttalib Mohammed Ali
Minister of Construction and Housing, Jasim Mohammed Jaafar
Education Minister, Abdel Falah Hassan
Agriculture Minister, Ali al-Bahadili
Justice Minister, Abdel Hussein Shandal
Culture Minister, Nuri Farhan al-Rawi
Minister of Science and Technology, Basimah Yusuf Butrus
Minister of Displacement and Migration, Suhaylah Abd-Jaafar
Minister of Youth and Sports, Talib Aziz Zayni
Minister of Industry, Usama al-Najafi
Minister of State for National Security Affairs, Abdul Karim al-Anizi
Minister of State for Governorate Affairs, Saad Nayif Mujhim al-Hardan
Minister of State for Civil Society Affairs, Ala Habib Kazim
Minister of State for Women’s Affairs, Azhar Abdel Karim al-Shaikhli
Minister of State for Tourism and Antiquities, Hashim al-Hashimi
Minister of State for National Assembly Affairs, Safa al-Din Mohammed al-Safi

Transitional National Assembly
Elections for Iraq’s transitional National Assembly occurred on January 30 2005. The main coalitions that won seats in these elections were the Shiite-led Islamist United Iraqi Alliance and the Kurdish-led secular Democratic Patriotic Alliance of Kurdistan. Most Sunni Arab Iraqis boycotted this election.

The UIA and DPAK formed a coalition government while the Shi’ite secular coalition of interim Prime Minister Ayad Allawi went into opposition.
President of National Assembly: Hajim al-Hassani
Deputy Presidents: Hussain al-Shahristani, Aref Taifour